Fruits from a Fruit

Here’s another ridiculous scientific list. This one categorizes the different types of fruits. OMG strawberry dachshund costumeIt may come as a surprise to you that the tomato is a berry, or that those whirlibirds that fall off of maple trees are in fact fruits! In a botanical sense, a fruit is a ripened ovary containing seeds and a variety of surrounding tissues. How these tissues are arranged determines how the fruits are classified. There are two fundamental categories of fruits, fleshy and dry, which most people think of as fruits and nuts, respectively. I’ve laid out the details of how each category gets broken up. This is pretty much useless information, but there’s some pretty cool words in here. I heart Pepos. I also heart dachshunds wearing strawberry costumes. Brody, I hope you’re ready for a new outfit!

FLESHY FRUITS

Simple Fleshy Fruits (derived from only one pistil)

Drupes: Single seed enclosed by a hard endocarp (pit)

e.g. peaches, cherries, olives, almonds, coconuts

Berries: Derived from a compound ovary, often have multiple seeds

True Berries: thin skin and soft pericarp (tissue surrounding the seeds)

e.g. tomatoes, grapes, peppers, blueberries, bananas

Pepos: thick rind

e.g. pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons

Hesperidium: leathery skin containing oils

e.g. oranges, lemons, limes

Pomes: Flesh derived from ovary’s receptacle

e.g. apples, pears

Aggregate Fruits (derived from single flower with many pistils)

e.g. raspberries, blackberries, strawberries

Multiple Fruits (derived from several flowers in a single inflorescence)

e.g. osage oranges, pineapples, figs

DRY FRUITS

Dry Fruits That Split at Maturity

Follicles: Split along one seam

e.g. larkspur, milkweed, peony

Legumes: Split along two seams

e.g. peas, beans, lentils, peanuts

Siliques: Split along two seams, but seeds are held along a central partition

e.g. broccoli, cabbage, radishes

Capsules: Split any other way

e.g. irises, orchids, poppies

Dry Fruits That Do Not Split at Maturity

Achenes: Single seed is attached to the pericarp at the base

e.g. sunflower seeds

Nuts: Same as achenes except thicker pericarp, cluster of bracts at base

e.g. acorns, hazelnuts, chestnuts

Grains: Pericarp and seed are inseparable

e.g. corn, wheat, rice, oats

Samaras: Specialized pericarp extends out as a wing to aid in dispersal

e.g. maple, ash, elm

Schizocarp: Twin fruits

e.g. parsley, carrot, anise, dill

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4 Responses to “Fruits from a Fruit”


  1. 1 Laura May 29, 2008 at 9:44 pm

    I love the picture of the strawberry puppy dog. Have you ever found “patterns” for dachshund clothing? I could sew something for Brody and want to, I just might need proportions or my own dachshund

  2. 2 dshoffmann May 30, 2008 at 12:18 pm

    No, you know what I never have. He’s actually kind of difficult to fit clothes for. He’s obviously very small height-wise, but like most dachshunds, has a big old chest, so he’s sort of between a small and medium in dog-clothes. I could give you one of his shirts that actually fits (I can’t believe we have even one, much less more than one, yes we are that crazy about our dog), and you could make a pattern off of it.

  3. 3 Laura May 30, 2008 at 10:01 pm

    That actually sounds good if you want to send it some time. It would be fun. Also, I think I might be better at copying something then following a pattern. This would work great!!!

  4. 4 Melissa July 1, 2008 at 6:26 pm

    Awesome! I just realized I have found my source for unlimited useless trivia! Now I will know a little bit about EVERYTHING just like you! 🙂


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